Egyptian Moussaka with Bechamel: A Creamy Twist on a Traditional Dish

Meat Dishes

egyptian moussaka with bechamel
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Egyptian moussaka with bechamel is a delicious twist on the classic Mediterranean moussaka, with layers of eggplant, spiced minced meat, and a creamy bechamel sauce. The addition of paprika and breadcrumbs makes the Egyptian version unique, which adds a smoky flavor and crispy texture to the dish.

To make this mouthwatering dish, you’ll need a few key ingredients: eggplants, onion, garlic, olive oil, butter, minced meat, chopped tomatoes, and paprika. You will need plain flour, milk, and grated cheese to make the bechamel sauce.

History of Egyptian Moussaka

Origins and Evolution

The original moussaka was made with eggplants, minced meat, and a tomato-based sauce. However, over time, Egyptian cooks began to add their twist to the dish. Some versions of moussaka now include potatoes, zucchini, or even cauliflower.

The most significant change to the dish is the addition of bechamel sauce. Bechamel is a French sauce made with butter, flour, and milk, but it has become a crucial component of Egyptian moussaka. The sauce adds a creamy texture and a rich flavor that complements the other ingredients perfectly.

Cultural Significance

Moussaka is a popular dish in Egypt and is often served at family gatherings and special occasions. In addition to its cultural significance, moussaka is also known for its health benefits. Eggplants, one of the primary ingredients, are rich in fiber and antioxidants. The dish is also relatively low in calories, making it a healthy and satisfying meal option.


  • Olive oil
  • 1 tsp of butter
  • 2 large eggplants
  • 1 brown onion
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 500g of minced meat
  • 410g can of chopped tomatoes or 3-4 chopped large tomatoes
  • 2 tbsp of plain flour
  • 1 cup of milk
  • 1/2 cup of tasty cheese
  • 1/4 cup of finely grated parmesan cheese
  • 1 tsp of paprika
  • Breadcrumbs for sprinkling over the top
  • Salt and pepper

How to Make Egyptian Moussaka with Bechamel?

Eggplant Preparation

  1. Start by removing the stalks from the eggplants. Subsequently, peel them and utilize a knife to create lengthwise slices.

  2. Employ a saucepan to heat some olive oil. Carefully fry the eggplant slices in the pan until they reach a state of complete cookery. Thereafter, remove them from the heat and set them aside for later incorporation.

  3. create a base of olive oil and butter heated in a separate saucepan. Sauté the chopped onions until they attain a translucent appearance.

  4. Introduce the chopped garlic and minced meat to the pan. Cook them together thoroughly.

  5. Add a can of chopped tomatoes to the mixture and simmer the combined ingredients for 5-10 minutes, allowing the sauce to thicken as it cooks.

Bechamel Sauce Preparation

  1. Combine olive oil, butter, and flour in a saucepan. Stir the mixture together until it achieves a paste-like consistency.

  2. Employ a whisking motion to gradually incorporate warm milk into the roux until the sauce reaches a desired level of thickness.

  3. Remove the saucepan from the heat source and stir in grated cheese until it is fully incorporated.

Assembling and Baking

  1. Spread the meat sauce evenly across the base of a baking dish. Layer the cooked eggplant slices over the meat sauce, followed by another layer of meat sauce and a final layer of eggplant slices.

  2. Utilize the bechamel sauce to create a complete top layer over the eggplant in the baking dish.

  3. Combine parmesan cheese, paprika, and breadcrumbs to form a mixture. Sprinkle this mixture over the bechamel sauce layer.

  4. Bake the moussaka in the oven at a temperature of 180 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes. The baking process should continue until the top layer exhibits a slight browning.

  5. Permit the moussaka to cool for a brief period before introducing salt and pepper to taste.
  6. Serve the moussaka alongside vegetables or a side salad for a delightful culinary experience.

Serving Suggestions


This moussaka is a delicious and filling dish that can be enjoyed on its own or with some tasty accompaniments. Here are a few suggestions:

  • Salad: A fresh and crisp salad is the perfect accompaniment to the rich and savory flavors of the moussaka. Try a simple green salad with lettuce, cucumber, and tomato, or go for something more elaborate with a mix of greens, roasted vegetables, and a tangy vinaigrette.
  • Bread: Warm and crusty bread is a great way to balance out the creaminess of the bechamel sauce. Try serving the moussaka with some pita bread or a loaf of crusty French bread.
  • Yogurt: A dollop of plain yogurt on top of the moussaka adds a cool and tangy flavor that complements the richness of the dish. You can also mix in some chopped herbs or garlic for extra flavor.

Presentation Tips

  • Garnish: A sprinkle of chopped parsley or cilantro on top of the moussaka adds a pop of color and freshness. You can also top it with some crumbled feta cheese or toasted pine nuts for extra texture.
  • Individual Servings: Instead of serving the moussaka family-style, try portioning it out into individual ramekins or baking dishes. This not only looks more elegant, but it also makes it easier for your guests to serve themselves.
  • Layering: To showcase the beautiful layers of the moussaka, consider serving it in a clear glass baking dish. This allows your guests to see all the delicious ingredients and makes for a stunning presentation.

Variations and Substitutes

Vegetarian Options

If you’re looking for a vegetarian version, you can simply omit the ground beef and replace it with your favorite vegetables. Some great options include diced eggplant, zucchini, and bell peppers. You can also add some chickpeas or lentils for extra protein.

Dairy-Free Alternatives

For those who are lactose intolerant or vegan, you can still enjoy the delicious flavors of this dish by making a few simple substitutions. Instead of using regular milk and butter in the bechamel sauce, you can use plant-based alternatives such as almond milk and vegan butter. You can also use a dairy-free cheese substitute or omit the cheese altogether.

Storage and Reheating Tips

  • Store any leftover moussaka in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days.
  • To reheat, preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C). Place the moussaka in an oven-safe dish and cover with foil. Bake for 15-20 minutes or until heated through.
  • Alternatively, you can reheat individual portions in the microwave. Place a serving of moussaka on a microwave-safe plate and cover with a damp paper towel. Microwave on high for 1-2 minutes or until heated through.
  • Be sure to stir the moussaka before reheating to ensure even heating.
  • If the bechamel sauce has thickened after refrigeration, simply add a splash of milk and whisk until smooth before reheating.
  • Do not freeze the moussaka as the texture of the eggplant and bechamel may become watery and unappetizing.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Firstly, properly salt and drain the eggplant slices before cooking. This will help to remove any excess moisture and prevent the moussaka from becoming too watery.

Another common mistake is overcooking the bechamel sauce. To avoid this, be sure to constantly whisk the sauce while cooking and remove it from the heat as soon as it thickens to the desired consistency.

It’s also important to use high-quality ingredients, especially ground meat. Using low-quality meat can result in a dry and flavorless moussaka.

Lastly, don’t skimp on the herbs and spices. The combination of cinnamon, allspice, and nutmeg is what gives Egyptian moussaka its distinct flavor, so be sure to use them generously.


In conclusion, Egyptian moussaka with bechamel is a delicious and hearty dish that is perfect for any occasion. The combination of eggplant, ground beef, and creamy bechamel sauce creates a unique and satisfying flavor that is sure to impress any guest.

One of the best things about this dish is its versatility. It can be served as a main course or as a side dish, and it pairs well with a variety of other foods. Additionally, it can be customized to suit individual tastes by adjusting the spices and seasonings used in the recipe.

Overall, I highly recommend trying this Egyptian moussaka with bechamel recipe. It’s a crowd-pleaser that is easy to make and sure to satisfy. So why not give it a try and see for yourself how delicious it can be?

As you’ve read above, pita bread pairs with this moussaka perfectly.
Get this zaatar pita recipe now (by clicking the image below):
Arabic zaatar pita bread

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